## Al Khawarizmi

Born | 780 CE |
---|---|

Died | After 847 |

Areas worked | Arithmetic, algebra, astronomy |

Al Khawarizmi was a **Persian mathematician** who worked in the fields of **mathematics**, **astronomy**
and **geography**. He has been named as the **father of algebra**.
He was responsible for spreading the **Hindu-Arabic Numeral** system to the Middle East and Europe.

## Archimedes

Born | 287 BC |
---|---|

Died | 212 BC |

Birth Place | Syracuse, Italy |

Famous for | Archimedes Principle |

Archimedes was a **Greek mathematician** and **astronomer** from the city of **Syracuse**. He
is considered as one of **the greatest mathematician** of all the time.
Archimedes worked on many geometrical theorems like the area of circle, surface area and volume of
sphere, area of an ellipse, area under a parabola and the area of spiral. His very famous **Archimedes
Principle**
has been universally accepted.

## Aryabhata

Born | 476 CE |
---|---|

Died | 550 CE |

Birth Place | Pataliputra, Gupta Empire |

Aryabhata was an **Indian mathematician** and **astronomer** in Gupta era. He worked on topics
such as finding of square and cube roots, mensuration, arithmetic progression, quadratic equations,
linear and
indeterminate equations. He calculated the value of **π upto 4 decimal places**.

## Blaise Pascal

Born | 19 June 1623 |
---|---|

Died | 19 August 1662 |

Birth Place | Paris, France |

Areas worked | Probability, Conic sections |

Famous for | Pascal triangle |

Blaise Pascal was a **French mathematician** in the 17th century. He worked on **Probability** and
**conic sections** when he was teenager only. Later he introduced a tabular representation of
binomial coefficients
which is now known as **pascal’s triangle**.

## Carl Freidrich Gauss

Born | 30 April 1777 |
---|---|

Died | 23 February 1855 |

Birth Place | Brunswick, Germany |

Carl Freidrich Gauss was a **German mathematician** and considered as **the most influential
mathematicians of the history**. He started solving many problems of maths since his early childhood.
Many terms in algebra, geometry, number theory and physics are after his name.

## Euclid

Born | 325 BCE |
---|---|

Died | 265 BCE |

Birth Place | Greece |

Areas worked | Geometry |

Famous for | Elements |

Euclid was of **Greek origin** and is also known as **father of geometry**. Euclid’s birthdate is
unknown and 325 BCE – 265 BCE is an estimated time period of his life.
He is one of the most influential mathematician in history of mathematics due to his written work on
fundamentals of geometry in **Elements**.

## Fancios Vitea

Born | 1540 |
---|---|

Died | 23 February 1603 |

Birth Place | France |

Famous for | ViÃ¨te’s formula |

Fancios Vitea was a **French mathematician** who worked on algebra who first created **symbolic
algebra**. He was a **lawyer** by trade though.

## George Rheticus

Born | 16 February 1514 |
---|---|

Died | 4 December 1574 |

Birth Place | Austria |

Areas worked | Trigonometry |

George Rheticus was born in **Austria** and is known for his **trigonometric tables**.

## Heron or Hero of Alexandria

Born | 10 AD |
---|---|

Died | 70 AD |

Birth Place | Alexendria, Egypt |

Areas worked | Mathematics, Physics |

Famous for | Heron’s Formula |

Hero of Alexendria is also known as Heron of Alexendria and was **Greek mathematician** and worked in
the field of **physics** also. He worked most of his life in his native city Alexendria. He is
remembered for his
known **Heron’s formula** to find the area of a triangle from length of its sides.

## Pierre De Fermat

Born | 1607 |
---|---|

Died | 12 January, 1665 |

Birth Place | France |

Areas worked | Number Theory |

Famous for | Fermat’s last theorem |

Pierre De Fermat was a **French mathematician** who researched into the **number theory** and has
played a significant role in early developments of **infinitesimal calculus**.
He is known for his **Fermat’s last theorem** in number theory.

## Pierre Simon Laplace

Born | 23 March 1749 |
---|---|

Died | 5 March 1827 |

Birth Place | France |

Famous for | Laplace transform |

Pierre Simon Laplace was a **French mathematician** and a **polymath** who worked in the fields of
**mathematics, statistics, physics, astronomy** and **philosophy**. He formulated **Laplace’s
equation** and have been
famous for his **Laplace transform**. He is honored as **the greatest scientist** of all time.

## Pythagoras

Born | 495 BC |
---|---|

Died | 510 BC |

Birth Place | Greece |

Areas worked | Mathematics |

Famous for | Pythagoras Theorem |

Pythagoras was a **Greek philosopher** and known abouts his life are ambiguous but as per little
knowledge to known his birth place is Samos. He is well remembered for his historical discovery in
mathematics and is famous for
**Pythagoras Theorem**.

## Rene Descartes

Born | 31 March 1596 |
---|---|

Died | 11 February 1650 |

Birth Place | France |

Areas worked | Geometry and Algebra |

Rene Descartes was a **French mathematician**, a **philosopher** and **scientist**. He
introduced **Cartesian geometry** or **Coordinate geometry** which is a widely used branch in
mathematics.

## Srinivasa Ramanujan

Born | 22 December 1887 |
---|---|

Died | 26 April 1920 |

Birth Place | India |

Srinivasa Ramanujan was an **Indian mathematician** who contributed to **number theory**, **infinite
series** and **continued fractions** in his short span of life only. He was the youngest to receive
**Fellows of the Royal Society** and elected as **Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge**.

## Thales of Miletus

Born | 626 BC |
---|---|

Died | 548 BC |

Birth Place | Greece |

Areas worked | Geometry |

Famous for | Thales Theorem |

Thales of Miletus was a **Greek mathematician**, **astronomer** and is known as **Father of
Science**. He is much famous for his theorems that the diameter of a circle
subtends a right angle at any point on the circle and the well known **Basic Proportionality
Theorem**.