# List of Symbols Used in Maths

## Greek Alphabets

Lower Case | Upper Case | Name |
---|

\(\alpha\) | \(A\) | Alpha |

\(\beta\) | \(B\) | Beta |

\(\gamma\) | \(\Gamma\) | Gamma |

\(\delta\) | \(\Delta\) | Delta |

\(\eta\) | \(H\) | Eta |

\(\theta\) | \(\Theta\) | Theta |

\(\zeta\) | \(Z\) | Zeta |

\(\iota\) | \(I\) | Iota |

\(\mu\) | \(M\) | Mu |

\(\nu\) | \(N\) | Nu |

\(\omega\) | \(\Omega\) | Omega |

\(\omicron\) | \(O\) | Omicron |

\(\pi\) | \(\Pi\) | Pi |

\(\phi\) | \(\Phi\) | Phi |

\(\chi\) | \(X\) | Chi |

\(\psi\) | \(Psi\) | Psi |

\(\rho\) | \(P\) | Rho |

\(\tau\) | \(T\) | Tau |

\(\epsilon\) | \(E\) | Epsilon |

\(Æ±\) | \(Y\) | Upsilon |

\(\lambda\) | \(\Lambda\) | Lambda |

\(\kappa\) | \(K\) | Kappa |

\(\sigma\) | \(\Sigma\) | Sigma |

## Symbols used in Arithmetic

Symbol | Read as | Example |
---|

\(+\) | Addition | \(8 + 4\) |

\(-\) | Subtraction | \(8 – 4\) |

\(\div\) | Division | \(8 \div 4\) |

\(\times\) | Multiplication | \(8 \times 4\) |

\(\%\) | Percentage | \(8 \% 4\) |

\(\gt\) | Greater than | \(8 \gt 4\) |

\(\lt\) | Less than | \(4 \lt 8\) |

\(\geq\) | Greater than equal to | \(a \geq b\) |

\(\leq\) | Less than equal to | \(b \leq a\) |

\(=\) | equal to | \(6 = 6\) |

\(\neq\) | does not equal to | \(8 \neq 4\) |

\(\approx\) | Approximately equal to | \(8.786 \approx 8.79\) |

\(\pm\) | Plus minus | \(\pm 2\) |

\(\equiv\) | Equivalent to | \(a \equiv b\) |

## Symbols used in Geometry

Symbol | Read as | Example |
---|

\(^o\) | Degree | \(45^o\) |

\(\angle\) | Angle | \(\angle 45^o\) |

\(\bot\) | Perpendicular | \(AB \bot CD\) |

\(||\) | Parallel | \(AB || CD\) |

\(\triangle\) | Triangle | \(\triangle ABC\) |

\(\sim\) | Similar to | \(\triangle ABC \sim \triangle PQR\) |

\(\cong\) | Congurent to | \(\triangle ABC \cong \triangle PQR\) |

## General Symbols used in Maths

Symbol | Read as | Example |
---|

\(\implies\) | Implies to | \(\implies\) \(2 + 3 = 5\) |

\(\therefore\) | Therefore | \(\therefore\) \(a + b = c\) |

\(\because\) | Because | \(\because\) \(a + b = c\) |

\(\infty\) | Infinity | \(a = \infty\) |

\(\forall\) | For all | \(\forall a\) |

\(\exists\) | There exists | \(\exists\) |

Last updated on:
15-08-2022